SDG 2: Zero Hunger - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945 with the purpose to lead international efforts to defeat hunger. With 197 member states, the FAO’s main goal is to achieve food security for all, that is regular access to enough high- quality food to lead active and healthy lives. Since its creation, the FAO has developed new comprehensive approaches to achieving said goal, that involve an array of actors. Delegates are encouraged to explore multi-scale approaches in formulating policy.
The parliamentary procedure of the FAO entails that member states meet every two years to review work made by the organisation as well as setting the budget, and new policy. Parliamentary procedure follows the same practiced by the UN’s main organs. Thus, votes are decided by a simple majority and nations do not possess veto power.
The FAO has established partnerships with UN agencies, funds and programmes, academia and research institutions, international financial institutions and intergovernmental entities amongst many other forms of organisations.. While representatives from these will not be present in committee, delegates should consider ways to incorporate these institutions in policy goals and recommendations.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the blueprint for all United Nations Committees to achieve their respective goals with the ultimate objective to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure peace and prosperity. They came into effect in January 2016, and will continue to guide policy until 2030 as part of the development agenda. They are 17 goals built on the successes of the Millenium Development Goals while including new areas such as climate change, peace and justice, and sustainable consumption amongst others.
This specialized committee will focus on Sustainable Development Goal 2: Zero Hunger. Delegates will be encouraged to focus on sustainable and inclusive agricultural practices and policy. Topic A explores the development of agricultural modernisation in eliminating vulnerabilities, while Topic B discusses the compatibility of trade and food security, and the effects of trade on agricultural practices. That said, delegates should consider all aspects of SDG 2 when creating policy solutions.
The background guide will become available soon.
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