Rómulo Betancourt’s Venezuela: the Emergence of Consolidated Democracy, 1945-1948
How did Romulo Betancourt gain the title of Founding Father of Venezuelan democracy? Why, despite his impressive economic, social and political reforms, was Betancourt’s presidential term so short-lived and quickly replaced by renewed authoritarianism? On October 19th, 1945, Romulo Betancourt became the 47th President of Venezuela and embarked on a highly controversial presidential term of 3 years. This specialized committee seeks to revive Betancourt’s cabinet from 1945 to 1948 and address significant issues that Venezuela faced in the middle of the 20th century including embarking on a process of democratization in the midst of an evolving economic and social climate.
This specialized committee will give delegates a chance to envision themselves as political members of cabinet as well as religious and social leaders who played an active role in Venezuela’s democratization process. Committee members will discuss and debate three topics that involve various social, economic and political issues facing Venezuela as an emerging democratic country. The first topic will tackle the issue of the European migrant crisis including questions of whether to admit European refugees in the post-World War Two era. The second topic discusses the extension of rights and freedoms to minorities and women in Venezuela. Minorities in the region include Indigenous populations, religious minorities and various socio-economic classes within the country. Finally, as the third topic, the committee will discuss Betancourt’s reform campaign involving solutions to political unrest, economic growth, and corruption.
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