The International Organization for Migration (IOM): Special Conference on Resettlement, Repatriation, and Local Integration of Migrants and Refugees
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) at the United Nations seeks to promote international cooperation and oversight with regard to the estimated 244 million people currently designated as migrants across the globe. IOM was established in 1951 as the Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Movement of Migrants from Europe (PICMME). Originally a logistical service to address the 11 million people uprooted due to the effects of World War II, the mandate of the IOM has steadily transitioned from a logistics agency to a migration agency. In 1988, the organization underwent a name change to the IOM and in 2016, it officially became an associated organization of the United Nations. IOM has addressed numerous conflicts and disasters over the past 70 years: Hungary, 1956; Kuwait, 1990; Kosovo, 1999; Iraq, 2003; and the 2010 Haiti Earthquake, among others. With International displacement at a record high, as over 40 million people across the globe are displaced and and the number of refugees currently standing at 22 million, IOM remains more important than ever to address the effects of migration, encourage economic and social development through migration, and preserve the dignity of migrants.
This year, the IOM McMUN 2020 Committee will seek to address two topics relating to migration: the first will deal with the feasibility of drafting international treaties for the rights and resettlement of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and the second will discuss the provision of healthcare and education for refugees. Delegations of the IOM will be posed with the challenge of creating comprehensive and meaningful resolution(s) for the proposed topics while taking the time to research and bring forth tangible policy changes and implementation strategies to address the topics at hand.
The background guide will become available soon.
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